Audiology is a field that has been very less explored and even more so in India, where enough awareness has just not yet been generated. This is not a terminology you will stumble across in everyday life; however, it plays an extreme role for those who depend on this for their day to day sustenance. So what exactly is audiology? Audiology is the study of hearing, balance, and a variety of related disorders. Audiologists play a vital role in treating hearing loss and dealing with methods to prevent further damage. Audiology is commonly carried by a series of tests that help to determine whether a person’s hearing falls in the normal range.
If hearing loss is determined, then audiologists move on to the analysis of it and to figure out which portion of the ear is acting insensitively to sound. Sometimes injuries can hamper hearing capacities, and it is the work of the audiologist to figure out where the lesions have occurred. Audiologists also play a vital role in determining the aids and rehabilitation methods for those with hearing difficulties. Few audiologists can also specialize in treatments focusing on tinnitus, hyperacusis, misophonia, cochlear implants, and hearing aid advice.
In India, the government has established the All India Institute of Speech and Hearing which has paved for developments in this field for years. This has been the country’s premier institution when dealing with hearing-related disorders and was established in 1966. Around 20 universities exist in India which provides courses in audiology. To practice audiology, one must be having a bachelor’s or master’s degree in audiology and must be registered with the Rehabilitation Council of India. Benefit for Indian audiologists lies in the fact that it is an internationally accepted degree, and due to massive exposure being put on the field, it has proven to be a unique career option.
The eligibility criteria for audiology courses include a 10+2 degree in Science or equivalent exam to apply for a diploma. For a bachelors degree, one must have a 10+2 Science background, and a postgraduate program entails one to complete their graduate program successfully. Some of the courses available under Audiology and Speech and Hearing are mentioned as follows;
B.Sc (Speech and Hearing), M.Sc (Audiology), M.Sc (Speech-Language Pathology), Bachelors of Special Education (Hearing Impairment), Diploma in Hearing Aid and Ear Mould Technology, B.Ed (Special Education Distance Mode), Ph.D. (Audiology), Ph.D. (Speech-Language Pathology) and a variety of certification courses on communication disorders. Audiology as a career option is lucrative as it has not yet been fully exploited to its potential and with the increase in awareness about speech and hearing impairment, the demand for well-certified audiologists is on the rise. Many hospitals are on the lookout for audiologists, and one can also have the option of starting their practice.