India regularly comes under the global scanner due to the fact that is the world’s most populous nation with a fast-growing economy and a large section of the population falling under the category of children and young adults. It is needless to say that education is one of the sectors where the utmost emphasis needs to be laid. Education is our only key to the future; being a young nation, our biggest potential lies in our wealth of human resources. If properly tapped, this could unlock vast potential for developing the current scenario of the country and make India a forerunner in the global scenario.
The education system in India is mainly divided into two broad categories; privately-owned institutions and government-run ones. These institutions are funded by three levels mainly central, state, and local. Apart from this, the Indian Constitution states that free and compulsory education be provided to kids from the age of 6-14. It is estimated that about five private schools exist for every seven public schools in India.
India has seen some progress when it comes to the field of education. Nearly 75% of its populace had attained basic primary education, and this can be cited to the economic development that the country has been exposed to. Major changes have been introduced at the higher levels of education with much emphasis being laid on research and enrollment in these fields has increased steadily by 24%. This, however, is nowhere compared to major developed nations across the world and much change needs to be initiated to catch up with them. This also poses a challenge to the government since India is so demographically divided with varying economic classes.
At the primary and secondary levels, India a well-structured network of public schools going hand in hand with the government ones. Almost 29% of the populations between the ages of 6-14 have received their education from a private school. The private-run education business in India is estimated to have a future value of US$40 billion. Open learning and distance learning have been taking up as major initiatives by the government to ensure ease of access to education for those who haven’t been able to complete theirs. At the school level, the National Institute of Open Schooling acts as an opportunity provider for those who have missed out and reports around 14 lakh students were enrolled in it. Coming to the higher levels, we have the Indira Gandhi National Open University, which provides opportunities for distance learning. Around 15 lakh students are enrolled in it and are being coordinated by around 13 states with a well-developed network of study centers and counselors. Another incentive provided by the government is the open online courses that are being provided free of charge, and many universities have partnered to provide the same. Enough emphasis has to be laid on the current educational scenario in the country because the youth is our future for a better tomorrow and a well informed and educated young populace holds a lot of promise for the future as a nation.