Tourism in India is a crucial part of the country’s economy. Tourism is one of the most lucrative business sectors within the country, It is growing rapidly. Tourism has generated 9.2% of Indias GDP and created 8.1% of its total employment in the year 2018 according to The World Travel and Tourism Council. An estimated 10 million foreign tourists arrived in India in 2017 which is a growth of 15.6% from the previous year with 8.89 million foreign tourists arriving in 2016. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Jaipur are the most tourism attractive places in India with Delhi sitting at 28th position worldwide in the number of tourist arrivals. Apart from generating profitable returns it also employs about 8.1 percent of the total population.
According to reports published by renowned travel journals, India ranked 40th out of 136 countries when it came to tourism. India’s popularity with foreign tourists can be attributed to its extremely competitive pricing, functional, affordable air connectivity, and good infrastructure along with its unique cultural and natural landscape. While India has taken giant strides when it comes to improving the tourism sector, lack of developments in specific areas pose problems to the tourists, some of them being poor hotel infrastructure and sparsely spread out ATM services.
The reason for tourism being such an integral part of the Indian economy has to do with the fact that many tourists are attracted to India because of its lavish landscapes and uniquely diverse culture. Many foreigners claim that each and every street in India feels like a different country but somehow something connects all the various cultures together. The Ministry of Tourism in India designs national policies for the development and promotion of tourism.
India requires citizens of most countries to hold a valid passport and apply for a travel visa before they visit. A Protected Area Permit or PAP is required to visit the states of Nagaland and Sikkim and some parts of Arunachal Pradesh. A Restricted Area Permit or RAP is required to enter the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and some parts of Sikkim. Special permits are needed to visit the Lakshadweep islands. These are implemented for various reasons including national security.
Probably one of the reasons why India is so popular with foreign tourists would be its collection of World Heritage Sites. India has around 37 of such sites spread all across the country, and the list of them is mentioned are the most popular Tourism Sites in India:
- Kalka Shimla Railway
- Great Himalayan National Park
- Nanda Devi
- Valley of Flowers National Park
- The Architectural Works of Lee Corbusier
- Taj Mahal, Agra Fort
- Red Fort
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
- Kaziranga National Park
- Sunderbans Tiger Reserve
- Sun Temple at Konark
- Bodh Gaya
- Sanchi Stupa
- Ellora Caves
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan
- Elephanta Caves
Tourism in India is only going to increase due to improvements in the availability of tickets and a fast and easy transition. Many hotels also offer deals to attract customers. Apart from international tourists, Indian tourists have also increased in number. Apart from job seekers who move across India for various jobs, many people traverse inside India too. The number of people traveling across India has also increased. The travel is mostly by train and by air. There have been huge advancements in the ways Indians travel across state lines.
Many tourist attractions such as Red Fort are also visited by Indians from other states. India is a diverse country and hence the geopolitical and cultural landscapes differ from state to state. So, many Indians travel across states to taste the different flavors of India. One of the main reasons for high International tourists is also the fact that India offers very high diversity and is very digitally forward in the tourism sector. The jobs are also ever-growing and there seems to be no stop to the growth of tourism in India.
Advantages of Travel and Tourism
Tourism is majorly regarded as a key source of income and employment in many countries. If not acknowledged properly, tourism can also be a source of the problem. A huge influx of tourists invade the beauty of nature, and they can gradually deplete the beauty, uniqueness, and resources. This article will be measuring the advantages and disadvantages of Travel and Tourism.
Advantages of Travel and Tourism.
- Increase in Revenue
Tourism is one of the largest sectors which generates economic in a country. This is one of the main advantages of tourism and is one of the reasons why it has been promoted to a larger number in developing countries.
- Increase in Employment
Travel and tourism provide jobs for people. Inns, motels, restaurants, transports, shops; everything works with the help of the staff. Tourism shares its largest part in giving a number of employees in a country. Tourist guides, Tourist drivers, they too are a part of it, and they can run their lives due to tourism. generated in-country ed in a country t and they can run their lives due to tourism.
- Environmental and Infrastructural.
Due to the income generated in the country, it can provide economic incentives for a place to preserve, maintain, and regenerate the environment in urban and rural settings. It also provides a means and incentive for investment in infrastructure such as roads, rail networks, medical, educational facilities.
- Foreign Exchange
In a country like India, foreigners are fascinated by the beauty of India, and they are attracted by the culture of India. Many tourist destinations attract a good number of foreign tourists which in return helps the country to earn foreign exchange. The increase in the number of foreigners is equal to the increase in the number of foreign exchange.
Disadvantages of Travel and Tourism
One of the major drawbacks of tourism is that it affects the environment to a deeper extent. They can cause risks in life with erosion, pollution, the loss of natural habitats. Even if tourists, behave in a manner, the sheer number of them causes damage to the enrolment. Monuments and other tourists attraction can suffer permanent damage. Effective measures should be taken to take care of the environment.
- Cultural Clashes
There are many tourists who often lack respect for local traditions and culture. Tourists tend to lack respect often and to follow local dress standards, get drunk in public or behave rudely or inappropriately towards the locals, and due to which locals get offended.
- Economic Dependence.
Tourism becomes so focal that it leaves all the other forms of income generation neglected in the run and the major dependence relies on tourism.
Thus, Travels and Tourism has their pros and cons to a different level. It can be beneficial for the country, or it can be a disaster for the environment as well.